Architect: Georgy Lavrentievich Lavrov
In 1929, when the construction of the Belarusian State Library named after Lenin (“Leninka”) began in Minsk, the project provided for the creation of a composition based on the contrast of a three-story building with reading rooms and a high-rise book depository. However, already during construction, the idea of a skyscraper was abandoned, as well as the installation of an expensive system of automatic conveyors and escalators and the creation of a winter garden with reading pavilions.
Nevertheless, Minsk "Leninka" became one of the first library construction projects in the USSR, and then, in terms of the number of copies and the value of publications, it became one of the thirty best libraries in the world. The steps of the former library remember how Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas, Vladimir Karatkevich and Vasil Bykov and hundreds of famous Belarusians climbed them.
Architect: G. Kavokin
Architects: Varaksin V., Denisov L.
The building with a grocery store on the ground floor, built according to a special project in 1936, was intended for families of Red Army commanders and nomenclature workers. But in the 1940s, the name "House of the Dead" stuck behind this five-story building, and here's why.
There was a small bomb shelter under the Third House of Soviets. In the first days of the Great Patriotic War, the exit from it was blocked by the explosion of a German aerial bomb. From the acrid smoke that penetrated the dungeon, more than a hundred people died at once, mostly women and children. Their husbands and fathers also did not return under their native roof - almost all of them fell on the battlefields.
In the post-war years, officials and generals again received housing here. The prima of the opera house, People's Artist of the BSSR Sofya Druker also lived here. The apartments in this house are mostly three- and four-room apartments with high ceilings, and some even have mini-pools. The only exception is the 5th entrance - once it was intended for servants (housekeepers, drivers) of those who lived in the first four entrances - it has only two-room apartments with tiny kitchenettes.
Architect: I. Ya. Gruber
The constructivist style of the facades of the factory-kitchen is emphasized by the horizontal glazing strips of a semicircular volume and the vertical corner stained-glass window of the stairwell. Similar architectural solutions have the House of the Government of the Republic of Belarus (architect I.G. Langbard), located next to the kitchen factory. The dynamic interaction of these buildings creates a vector of movement directed towards the city.
The original building was erected in the style of constructivism. The oldest part of the building is U-shaped. The supporting walls of the building are made of brick, the load from reinforced concrete floors is held by reinforced concrete columns-pillars. The architectural solution of the building is based on a combination of volumes of various sizes. The main focus is the tower-like corner part with a corner loggia on the ground floor. The plane of the wing overlooking the avenue is dissected by large window openings.